What is Malware?

Malware is an abbreviation of “malicious software”. It is defined as any type of software or file that is harmful to a computer and data stored in it. It is a piece of code or program that was written with the intent of damaging the data, it is created by the cyber attackers. According to this report nearly 160,000 cyber attacks happened in 2017.

Though varied in type and capabilities, malware usually has one of the following objectives:

  • Provide remote control for an attacker to use an infected machine.
  • Send spam from the infected machine to unsuspecting targets.
  • Investigate the infected user’s local network.
  • Steal sensitive data.

Types of Malware

  1. Virus

    Virus is defined as the most common type of malware. As their biological namesakes, virus attach themselves to clean files and infect other clean files. It can execute itself and spread by infecting other programs or files and damaging a system core functionality.

  2. Worm

    A worm is a standalone piece of malicious software, which can self-replicate without a host program and typically spreads without any human interaction or directives from the malware authors.

  3. Trojan

    Trojan horse is a type of malicious software which is designed to appear as a legitimate program in order to gain access to a system. Once activated following installation, Trojan can execute their malicious functions. And also it can not reproduce itself but masquerades as something the user wants.

  4. Spyware

    Spyware is a type of malware which collects information and data on the users device and observe their activity without their knowledge.

  5. Ransomware

    Ransomware is designed to infect the victim’s system and encrypt the data. Cyber criminals then demand a ransom payment from the victim in exchange for decrypting the system’s data.


Double-check your downloads: From pirating sites to official storefronts, malware is often present just around the corner. So before downloading, always double-check that the provider is trustworthy by carefully reading reviews and comments.

Careful where you browse: Malware can be found anywhere, but it’s most common in websites with poor backend security, like small, local websites. If you stick to large, reputable sites, you severely reduce your risk of encountering malware.

Use Anti-Phishing Services: As most of the malware starts with mail. Make sure that your email gateway arsenal is best. Use TIKAJ’s DMARCPlus service to ensure email authentication and safety

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