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10 Types of Phishing Attacks – Proven attacks that work

Social engineering may be used in a variety of ways to coerce someone into divulging information. Just to get a list started, we highlighted a handful of the most common types of phishing attacks. Perhaps with some tweaks and additions, we can make this list universally applicable.

  1. Deceptive phishing: Deceptive phishing is the most common type of phishing attack, in which attackers send emails that appear to come from a legitimate source, such as a financial institution or a social media site. The email may contain a link that takes the user to a fake website that looks identical to the legitimate site. The user is then asked to enter sensitive information, like login credentials or credit card numbers, which the attacker can then use to get into the user’s account.
  2. Spear phishing: This type of phishing is much more targeted than general phishing attacks. The attacker will often have specific information about the victim, such as their name, job title, or company. This makes the email appear more legitimate and increases the chances that the victim will click on a malicious link or attachment. The attacker will send an email that appears to come from a legitimate source, but the email will contain a link that leads to a fake website. The fake website will ask the user for sensitive information like credit card numbers or login information. The attacker can then use this information to gain access to the user’s account.  
  3. Whaling: Whaling attacks are similar to spear phishing, but they target high-profile individuals such as CEOs, CFOs, or other executives. Most of the time, these attacks start with a very convincing email that looks like it came from a real source, like the government or a bank.
  4. Vishing: Vishing is a type of phishing attack that uses voice calls or VoIP (Voice over IP) instead of email. The attacker will try to trick the victim into giving them personal information or financial data over the phone.
  5. Smishing: Smishing is a type of phishing attack that uses SMS (Short Message Service) texts instead of email. The attacker will send a text message that appears to be from a legitimate source, such as a bank or government agency. They will then try to trick the victim into giving them personal information or financial data.
  6. Clone phishing : Clone phishing is a type of phishing attack where the attacker creates an exact replica of a legitimate email that has been sent previously. The only difference is that the malicious link or attachment has been replaced with a new one. This can be difficult to spot, especially if the victim doesn’t have the original email to compare it to.
  7. Typosquatting: In a typosquatting phishing attack, the attacker uses a domain name that is strikingly similar to one of the addresses of a reliable website. When victims attempt to access the legitimate site but make a typo, they are taken to the attacker’s bogus website instead. The attacker may then attempt to dupe the victim into providing them with personal or financial information.
  8. Pharming: This phishing technique involves sending victims to a fake website even when they type in the correct URL. This can be accomplished by using browser hijacking software or by infecting DNS servers. After that, the attacker tries to trick the victim into providing them with personal or financial information.
  9. Malware-based phishing: Malware-based phishing is a type of phishing attack where the attacker uses malware to infect the victim’s computer. The malware can then be used to steal personal information or financial data.
  10. Password Reset phishing: Phishing attacks posing as emails offering to reset a user’s password are called “password reset phishing.” The goal of this attack is to get private information from the user, like their username and password.

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